The Effect of Bullying on Children at School

Introduction

Some students are involved in bullying at some time during their school days. They may be bullied themselves, they may bully someone else, or they may see a friend being bullied. Concerns arise constantly as recent research into the effects of bullying clearly indicate that bulling can seriously affect children’s social, physical and psychological well being as well as their academic achievement. As a parent this is something that has personal implications. Families do not want their children growing up being afraid of going to school or worrying whether they are being bullied or become a bully themselves. The problem of bullying is not only in the United Kingdom but is a worldwide issue.

Stories about children who have been bullied have written in their own words how they suffer. Some lives have been blighted by bullying and some of the children’s childhoods effectively destroyed. Stories about how children took their lives and who were otherwise happy kids but had been pushed too far, were deeply upsetting.

Although it wasn’t only the bullied children who were affected it was the bystanders too. Those children who are witness to regular violence, threats, verbal abuse and more in their own school halls and also out of the school live in fear that they might be next. They fear that they will fall out of favour if they stand up for a bullied child and resist joining in.

Initiatives have been created over the past years by local authorities, central government and charities to help children to cope and find solutions to tackle bullying in schools. In many cases this will be a passing incident which the child copes with but in some cases the effects can be serious and very upsetting for the child and parents. Children are now empowered to stand for themselves or find support when are backed into situation from which they feel they can sort out. It is argued that problems with free time for children today are so used to computer based activities that they don’t know to play without a computer or other equipment. Using this technology stops the children using to social interaction skills with class mates. It may have some impact on children’s behaviours.

Schools should have created environments in which children will feel happy and secure. This is because children learn most effectively in happy and safe atmospheres. It is argued that the learning environment has effects on children’s behaviour. All schools must have behaviour management policies and code of conduct. It may have affects on pupils’ attitudes, which is encouraged so children treat each other with respect and kindness.

To stop bulling and to deal with the covert nature of bullying, teachers, parents, and pupil must work together in order to reduce bullying in schools.

What is bullying

Bullying is persistent as well as unwanted behaviour and from of aggressive. Bullying is a big problem in education. With so many children being closely involved together on day to day basis, some sort of bullying often occurs. Bullying is when one person or a group of people repeatedly huts someone else. Bullying involves hurting someone who is then weaker or less secure.

There are many types of bullying, usually involves more teasing that hitting. Bullying is often done on purpose and it can happen anywhere, such as at school, in the park, on a sports team, or even at home. Often the person being bullied has a hard time defending her or him.

Distinction between bullying and other type of aggressive behaviour can be seen in the various definition that have been used in research. One commonly used definition of harassment. It is being bullied or victimized, Bullying is a bahaviou which know how to be defined as the repeated assault, pysical,social or verbal in nature, and also harassment attract on others. Bullying is the use an advantage of power to cause physical, emotional or intellectual hurt, against someone’s feeling of consent. Bullying is the fact that the behaviour takes place within context or regular contract between the individuals concerned.

Dan Olweus in Norway. According to his definition; A student is being bullied or victimized when he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative action on the part of one or more other student’ (Olweus, 1993 p.9)

The word bullying is used to describe many diffident type of behaviour from teasing or deliberately leaving an individual out of social gathering or ignoring them, or moreover involve serious assaults and abuse within the contents of students. Occasionally it is an individual who is performance the bullying and something con be a group. Bullying is not easy to classify. Sometime it involves hitting, kicking but threats, treating, and taunting are more common and can be hurtful. The person being bullied is picked on again and again, on occasion for a very long time. Children face to be bullied because her or she cannot or will not defend themselves. The important thing is not the action but the affect on the children who has been witness bullying in their schools aerates. It should not underestimate the fear that a bullied child feels.

Bullying for a while start when people pick on something, we all have different hair colour and weight. Some people might get picked on because they are seen as different. It could be the colour of their skin or how you are performance in school or because they seem cleverer than others, or haw you look. This is something no one should be humiliated with.

Research shows that children with disability like partially sighted or learning difficulty, etc, are at threat of bullying than their peers.

Type of bullying

Bullying can be catalogued into several different types, which is useful in analysing the particular type of bullying that child may be experiencing. Some are more subversive that other and more difficult to identify. Bullying is used power to hurt or reject individuals.

Different type of bullying

Physical bullying

This is the main well known type of bullying, as well as the easiest to track. Because it may identified as, a black eye or a broken limb is fairly clear proof that person has been bullied. On the other hand, young children tend to bully physically, they do not generally cause serious bodily damage most physical bullying is intended only to embarrass and humiliate the victim. This type of bullying is considered to be direct in that it is directed obviously and with intend to the victim. It can include any type of physical harm, such as hair pulling, hitting, teasing and taunting are more ordinary and can be damage.

Verbal bullying

This is when someone call another person nasty names, or teases them or jokes about them in a cruel way. These particular behaviours can hurt someone emotion. This kind of teasing and names calling is mainly nasty, it is about someone’s ,race or the religion, or about what close they warren, the way people look.

Indirect verbal bullying

This kind of bullying is cruel or brutal comments behind a victim’s back, this is deliberate for his or her to overhear, unfair or hurtful notes or letters, graffiti and spreading rumours. Girls in particular tend to use this tactic rather than boys.

What causes bullying?

A number of diverse or different factor have been identified which is to make young’s is became bully Young children who bully sometime grow up to have problems with relationships. Bullies frequently copy the behaviour they seen on their life, violent on the road or experience at home. Children are not born bullies same who bullies are made. They may have parent who are aggressive and violent behaviour. These children may come from homes where there is lack of worth and efficiency.

Social facture such as the rising in the divorce rate, work demand, low incomes, etc. Those facture have affect on children behaviours, often turn to bullying as release. It argued that children who are safari from bullying they became bulled themselves. Studies suggest that young children who are brought up in a secure environment, with normal caring families very rarely become bullies or suffer from it.

What can be done about bullying?

Different school have different way of dealing with bullying. Schools that aspiration to address this problem have a variety of avenues to pursue. The school can introduce a code of conduct which is a school disciplinary police with a clearly set out of rules and guideline that should create it possible for all school to work together secure and creative. This is because since September 1999 the government has made all school to have Anti bullying police.

The school needs to create school approach to bullying by establishing an awareness of the bullying problem. Awareness of bullying broth within and outside of the school can help decrease the bullying behaviour. In addition to increased school safety feature such as video monitoring can provide more protection to student.

It would follow that bullying can be reduced by creating a more stimulating and interesting environment for children outside the classrooms as well as within. It has been observed that playgroup have change little, or not at all, over the last fifty years despite the vast technological change that have occurred in society; sometimes these have led to improvements in classroom but rarely outside. ( Rigby K 1996 p178)

The anti bullying Alliance was establish in July 2002 by NSPCC and NCB and jointly 68 organisations into one association with the aim of reducing safe atmosphere in which children be able to live, grow and learn. Anti bullying week is all about raising alertness of serious issue of bullying. Student should be encouraged to report incident of bullying that children who are bullied receive protection as well as support.

In the classroom teachers may use stories or discuss to increase awareness of bullying and bully courts can be set up for addressing bullying issues.

It is vital that all children and young people turn into aware of what is bullying, and how their action affects the lives of other. Encouraged the development of social and moral alertness is the responsibility of bath home and school.

What to do if you being bullied

Hoping that bullying somehow go away will not work. The situation will almost certainly get worse if you stay quiet, because the bully realize that he or she can get away with it .if you being bullied you want ti to stop, you most tell to a staff member that you get on well. Young children who have been bullied need the help of their families and school. No one can be capable of deal with being bullied on their own.

Effect of bullying

Bullying can seriously frightening and makes them miserable. They often blame themselves a persistently bullied child may lose self confident. Pupils’ who are being bullied may be unable to learn effectively, bullying can affect student achievement and also attendance.

Conclusion

Bullying is well known problem in social mainly in school, and large number of children seen or experience cruel in school. Bullying is a destructive social problem that needs a consideration; it is a serious problem which puts the emotional well being and educational achievement of pupils at risk.

Bullying is a serious difficulty for those who involves in so this can considerably affect the ability of students to improvement academically and within society, A comprehensive involvement plan that involves all students, family, and school staff is required to ensure that all students can gain knowledge in a safe and fear free atmosphere. All schools should treat bullying seriously and take steps to combat it promptly and firmly whenever and wherever it occurs. Schools have the liability to create safe place for student, furthermore publis have the right to be educated in a atmosphere which is free from freighting. Greater awareness of the issues and community wide focus on prevention can being to secure those schools is safe place to learn can be pleasing.

It is compulsory for schools to have measures in place to promote good behaviour and value for others on the part of pupils, along with to prevent all forms of bullying. To tackle bullying, schools need to use with strategies such as providing comprehensive practical guidance documents and regional advisers with expertise in the field of bullying.

Whatever the reason, it’s important to remember that bullying is not normal, furthermore no one should be desired to be bullied.

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damaging their property.

* Direct verbal bullying e.g. name calling, insults, homophobic or racist remarks, verbal abuse.

* Indirect bullying – This form of bullying is harder to recognise and often carried out behind the bullied

Bullying on the increase.

One UK study of 13,000 pupils, by Exeter University, found that up to 33 per cent of 11 to 16 year olds are bullied severely and that attending school was becoming a very real concern for them. Earlier studies show that these figures show an increase from 20 per cent.

So why is bullying increasing?

The answer seems to lie in the state of society, and with the family in particular. Studies suggest that children who are brought up in a secure environment, with normal caring families very rarely become bullies or suffer from it.

Often, where children feel rejected by their parents, they express their frustration and rejection in the form of bullying, be it physical or psychological.

Social factors such as the increase in the divorce rate, work demands, low incomes, etc. are all having an affect on young people whom often turn to bullying as a release.

How much bullying is going on?

A Psychology Department study, by Sheffield University UK, found that approximately 10 per cent of pupils in primary schools reported being bullied at least once a week (There was a 4 per cent report of bullying in secondary schools).

If these figures are extrapolated, then up to 350,000 school children in the age range 8 to 12 years, and over and 100,000 secondary school children, are being bullied in some form or another, at least once a week. So there is a problem.

No one deserves to be bullied.

Nearly everyone is bullied at some time in their lives: by brothers or sisters, neighbours, adults or other children. It can be carried out by an individual, group, or, in some cases, a teacher. If you are being bullied, you may feel scared, vulnerable and quite alone, but you owe it to yourself to try to stop the bullying. Remember, no-one deserves to be bullied. However, bullying isn’t always deliberate and bullies are not always aware of the pain and upset they cause.

We are all different. Some people are tall, some are short. We all have different hair colour and different colour eyes. Some people might get picked on because they are seen as ‘different’. It could be the colour of their skin or because of a disability like being blind or partially sighted – or because they seem cleverer than othersblind or partially sighted – or because they seem cleverer than others

What’s it like being bullied?

Bullying hurts. It can make you feel scared and upset. It can make you too scared to want to go to school. It can make you feel like there is something wrong with you and that you deserve to be bullied. (Remember, no one deserves to be bullied.)

Tackling cyberbullying

Mobile, Internet and wireless technologies have increased the pace of communication and brought benefits to users worldwide. But their popularity provides increasing opportunities for misuse through ‘cyberbullying’. It’s crucial that children and young people, who are particularly skilful at adapting to new technology, use their mobiles and the Internet safely and positively, and that they are aware of the consequences of misuse. School staff, parents and young people have to be constantly vigilant and work together to prevent this form of bullying and tackle it wherever it appears.

The advent of cyberbullying adds new dimensions to the problem of bullying. Unlike other forms of bullying, cyberbullying can follow children and young people into their private spaces and outside school hours; there is no safe haven for the person being bullied. Cyberbullies can communicate their messages to a wide audience with remarkable speed, and can often rem

WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT BULLYING?

Schools that wish to address this problem have a variety of avenues to pursue. The school can introduce a code of conduct which is a whole-school disciplinary policy with a clearly spelled out set of rules and regulations that should make it possible for all school personnel to work together safely and productively. It should state clearly, with examples, what is good and bad behavior along with respective rewards and sanctions.

The school needs to establish a whole-school approach to bullying by establishing an awareness of the bullying problem. The school needs to evaluate how friendly it is toward bullying. Awareness of bullying both within and outside of the school can help reduce the act. Also, increased school safety features, such as video monitoring, can provide more protection to students. Students should be encouraged to report incidents of bullying by promising the students anonymity. The school should develop a student watch program by training student volunteers to patrol and report instances of bullying. In the classroom teachers may use stories and drama to increase awareness of bullying and bully courts can be set up for addressing bullying issues. The school should provide training for students in problem-solving approaches, which include conflict resolution training, conflict management and quality circles. All of these can be positive ways of addressing inappropriate behavior. These activities make the school safer and let students know that bullying is a violation of children’s rights.

What can PARENTS do to help?

As a parent, be aware of whether your school has a bullying policy and whether the school staff take a united stand against bullying. If there is no bullying policy, and you suspect that your child is being victimized by peers, take an active role in setting up a policy for bullying in your school system and at the particular school your child attends. Try your best to work in harmony with principals, teachers and other school staff and not in opposition to them. Their perspectives may be different as their roles towards your child are different from yours: But in the end, you are waging a battle on which you are all on the same side. Listening to what principles, teachers and other school staff have to say based on their experience is as important as making your voice heard. For

Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford: Blackwell Publishes

Rigby, K. (1996) Bullying in Schools and what we can do about it