A report on the descriptive-research done on bullying in hostel Silver Mountain Graduate Business School Submitted to: Allay Regime, Research methodology Submitted by: Sabina Aria 10th of October/ 2013 Acknowledgement This research done in the month of September was successfully conducted and completed on October. First of all, I would like to thank our research lecturer, Mr. Jay Regime for the opportunity he provided with me, and for the constant guidance and review. Am very grateful to four hostels officials for their generous time and selectmen, without who’s the whole research would be Insignificant.

I am very thankful to the students of the hostel for providing me the information and sharing their ideas which was very vital for the research. I would also like to express my gratitude to senior researcher Unit Ran on her dissertation The Experience of Being Victims of School Bullying: A Phenomenological Study for Katmandu university, 2006 which was very helpful to understand the topic in my domain. I am in debt to my school friends, Anis Raja Bandier and Sugar Anural, who in my short- call responded and helped me carry out interview In short time-frame. Executive summary

With the objective to analyses bullying in hostels in Katmandu, this research is presented with a descriptive approach. The study found that there was a complete difference in environment between hostels provided by the educational firms for students ease and privately owned hostels, Initially profit-motivated. Also, In a sensitive issue like ‘bullying’, quantitative analysis wont do justice. So, through series of interviews and conversation, I got descriptive information which helped me understand its sociological, psychological and physiological implications.

There were any noted areas of consensus among the students but fundamentally all of them agreed on the covert nature of bullying presents In our region. Table of Contents 1 OF 7 Bullying might perhaps be an ever existing problem with a low concern or scientific research here in our country. The general concept of bullying in here is Just, ‘a phase of being an adult’. The statistics regarding bullying is not even recorded in Nepal as it is not seen as a grave problem. Nepal is a male dominated culture which may promote negative boost of a male child machismo. A general fuss can result to prove n whom being manlier.

This notion is further supported by the immense influence of Indian cinema where an actor described as a hero beats down half a dozens of others single-handedly. The misconception of this could prove fatal to teens resulting in aggression or unknowingly, a bully. Though many schools are trying to imply anti- bullying policies, it is not only the problem of a school but a society as a whole. According to the oxford English dictionary, ‘bullying is to use superior strength or influence to intimidate (someone), typically to force them to do something. It is a form f aggression and can be verbal, physical and emotional.

The utmost result of being bullied seems to be suicide or its tendencies or long-term mental problems. U. S Department of Education (1998), bullying is defined as: Intentional, repeated harmful acts, words, or other behavior, such as name- calling threatening and/or shunning, committed by one or more children against another. The victim does not intentionally provoke these negative acts, and for such acts to be defines as bullying, an imbalance in real or perceived power must exist between verbal, emotional, or sexual in the bully and the victim. Bullying can be physical, nature. (p. ) According to Merriam Webster dictionary, A hostel is ‘a supervised institutional residence’. Hostels are now a very common addition to many schools and colleges for assisting distance concern for many students. We can also see privately owned hostels mushrooming around quality educational institution, which guaranties to provide homely environment for studying purpose. However, students are bullied even there or in my view are more intensified. Here, in our culture parents nurtures their child until they are independent, unlike the west culture where generally above eighteen the child is supposed to be on his own.

This over protective nature as stated by the westerners could lead to insecurities in coping with alien environment like hostels to the children of our region or in another case give them a sense of freedom. Hence, admitting one’s child to a hostel leads to an emotional outburst or change in behavior coping with the environment. This research is intended to describe the bullying culture in hostels in Nepal. Purpose of study The purpose of this study is to explore the awareness of ‘education related bodies’ and general population regarding bullying and its effects.

Being in this globalizes world of technology, we can realist numerous cases of bullying and its bitter consequences. However, Nepal as a least developing country doesn’t have the luxury on spending resources for this topic. However, bullying is a critical issue due to its relation with person’s psychology and its long term effect. In my research, I would emphasis on bullying in hostel and its long-term consequences. The targeted group who plays a vital role in the research are. 2. Teachers 3. Hostel warden/ caretaker 4. Hostel in-charge 5.

Principal of the educational institution Methodology 1. Students 1. Interview schedule: – I designed an informal interview preparing a printed questionnaire that guided me through series of interview. Also, controllably questionnaire helped me to contact with the informants and record their interview. 2. Well-informed informants:- Every hostel has numerous students, warden, care- taker and hostel in-charge who by default of their talent and experience can reveal the most or complete information about the issue or sometime forward a particular aspect of information neglected. . Conversation and sampling: – While gathering sources data using an interview schedule and well-informed informants, I visited three or four hostels of boneshaker area, Katmandu. I found out that some of them were hesitating or in some kind of unease while participating in the process. So, I thought of using random sampling method of the students of different name, age, sex, place and stream of study, and started out a casual conversation to get the best information out of them. This method proved more effective than the above two. . Group-discussion: – l, then quickly turned the conversation of fellow students into a roof discussion to get more realistic traits of behaviors with each-other and their point of saying on the topic. Literature review For my literature review, I went through couple of documentaries, text-books and some Journal articles relating to my topic. In her doctoral thesis the experience of being bullied: a phenomenon study, Anti Ran, 2006, writes that the reason behind bullying school is the school system.

If the school system has the moral ethics a principal to stop this culture then it could help a lot to reduce and eradicate bully kind of culture will be slowly removed from the society. She further elaborates victims of bully, experienced puzzlement, fear, feeling overpowered and controlled, loss, anger, sadness, hurt and a sense of guilt and regret. Also, Psychologists are warning parents and teachers that bullying is a problem that could result in serious consequences for victims and bullies. This notion is supported by Katherine M.

Palace, 2006, in her Honors Thesis, ‘bullying in school’ where she states that there is a strong correlation bullying during school years and having criminal or legal problems in adulthood and they become criminal as most survey shows. Bullying has been a negative influence all over the society, especially the teenagers have been influenced by this negative culture, and it is lack of ethical moral studies most teenagers are under this negative influence. Bullying is considered as a fun on their mind but it degrades the confidence of the victim. Further, Chad M.

Boon, Utah state university, 2011, in his master’s thesis, ‘Predicting bullying among high school students using individual and school factors: analysis of a national survey, he focuses us on bullying within a social system (one in which students are mandated to attend), and interventions need to focus not Just on individuals, but also on the system. Hence, systemic interventions are needed to provide a safe environment for all children. Moreover, Douglas J. Bayle, J. D, Ph. D, 2005, in the Journal of ‘New Jersey Psychological Association’ describes boys are more into physical bullying and girls are more into psychological bullying.

In addition, the bullying behavior is often accompanied by other conduct disordered behaviors. Therefore, bullying has negative aspect all over the society and it is a negative culture and should be eradicated. Victims have been acing and it is real difficult task to put those pictures out from their mind as wherever they go the past will haunt them and never allowing them to do any other progress in life. The main causes of bullying are aggression, sex, race, economic status, physical built-up, familiar influences, emotional influences.

Research findings and analysis Bullying is inevitable in any society but, is immensely in a covert form in our societies. Educated bodies like teachers and principal are readily aware about the problem and engaged in its eradication. However, less educated people are hard to come to an understanding Private hostels are found more biased and bullying activities are generally neglected or are of low concern. More than 70% of students forwarded the monetary issues on the inquiry of choices of hostel.

In more than 50% of cases, students are unaware of being a part of bullying act (either a bully or a victim). Regular involvement of educational bodies (teacher, warden, discipline in-charge) with the student proves more effective. Parent’s involvement and regular communication proves more effective. Conclusion It has been concluded that school affiliated hostels proves more secure and bully ere than the private-hostels but the earlier is proven more expensive than the later. Also, bullying here is covertly in action and in many cases neglected by the seniors.

Lastly, an effective communication between the parents, students and teachers must Generally, due to the influence of movie teenagers portrays or inclines towards a macho-image which effects there aggression level resulting in bullying. This wrong perception can be change by portraying good/ethical image like ‘Mahatma Gandhi’. Encouraging them that despite of his weak physical appearance, he stands out with is will power and work devotion alone. A bully victim doesn’t know when they are bullied and surprisingly, they themselves participate in bullying as bully.