What Is bullying? Bullying Is when someone or a group of people with more power repeatedly and intentionally causes hurt or harm to another person or group of people who feel helpless to respond. Bullying can continue over time, Is often hidden from adults and will probably continue If no action Is taken. 2. There are four kinds of bullying: Physical bullying Physical bullying includes hitting, kicking, tripping, pinching and pushing or damaging property.

Verbal bullying Verbal bullying includes name calling, insults, teasing, intimidation, homophobic or racist remarks, or verbal abuse. Covert bullying: Covert bullying is often harder to recognize and can be carried out behind the bullied person’s back. It Is designed to harm someone’s social reputation and/or cause humiliation. Covert bullying Includes: Lying and spreading rumors Negative facial or physical gestures.

Mimicking unkindly Encouraging others to socially exclude someone Damaging someone’s social reputation or social acceptance. Cyber bullying Cyber bullying is overt or covert bullying behaviors using digital technologies. Examples include harassment via a mobile phone, setting up a defamatory personal Bessie or deliberately excluding someone from social networking spaces. Cyber bullying can happen at any time. It can be in public or in private and sometimes only known to the target and the person bullying. . Symptoms of being bullied: Emotional and behavioral signs Changes In sleep patterns Changes In eating patterns Frequent tears or anger Mood swings Feels ill in the morning Becomes withdrawn or starts stammering Becomes aggressive and unreasonable Refuses to talk about what is wrong Begins to target siblings Continually ‘loses’ money or starts stealing. Physical signs Has unexplained bruises, cuts, scratches Comes home with mammals or damaged belongings or clothes Comes home hungry.

Doesn’t want to go to school Changes their route to school or are frightened of walking to school Doesn’t want to go to school on the bus/tram/train School grades begin to fall. Other signs Sometimes bullying can be far more hidden. The signs include: Often alone or excluded from friendship groups at school A frequent target for teasing, mimicking or ridicule at school Unable to speak up in class and appears insecure or frightened. 4. Treatment of bullying: Listen Try to listen to the whole story without interrupting. Be empathic, calm and validate hat is being said.

Ask what your child would like to happen, before you make suggestions. Talk Have a conversation about what happened. Try not to make the conversation intense or you might deter your child from talking to you. Remind your child it’s normal to feel hurt, it’s never K to be bullied, and it’s NOT their fault. Find out what is happening Note what, when and where the bullying occurred, who was involved, how often and if anybody else witnessed it. Don’t offer to confront the person yourself. Contact the school Find out if the school is aware of the bullying and whether anything has been done to dress the situation.

Make an appointment to speak to your child’s teacher or coordinator. Try to make a follow-up appointment to ensure the situation is being addressed. Give sensible advice Encourage your child not to fight back, but coach them to use neutral or, if appropriate, Joking language in response. Help them explore other possible responses. Tell them that the behavior was intentional and it won’t Just go away. Explain it’s safer to avoid people, places or situations that could expose them to further bullying. If your child asks to stay home from school, explain that it wont help – and may make things worse.